CHERRY CANNON

The Cherry Cannon was made right before and during the Ilinden Uprising and represents a symbol of defiance and the striving of the Macedonian people for freedom and independence. From a military point of view, these wooden cannons had no particular significance and could not be compared against the powerful Ottoman cannon artillery, but the psychological effect had an essential impact on the fighting spirit of the insurgents, which is the reason why they were called “propaganda cannons.” They were crafted in several places, such as the village of Klenoec in the region of Kichevo, the village of Laktinje in the region of Ohrid, the monastery „St. Jovan Bigorski“, but most of them were made in the region of Krushevo. Wood of wild almond or wild cherry was predominantly used for their production. From the outside, they were strengthened with metal hoops. Their length was from 80 to 150 centimeters, and their weight ranged from 20 to 70 kilograms. They had a range of 400 to 500 meters. Usually they were loaded with coarse gunpowder, nails, small pieces of metal, cannonballs, weights for scales, even hand grenades. The model on display is a copy of the existing original of the cherry cannon kept in the Military Museum in Istanbul, Republic of Turkey.

ЦРЕШОВО ТОПЧЕ (КОПИЈА)

Legend:
1. CHERRY CANNON (REPLICA)
2. WOODEN WEIGHT FOR LOADING AND LUBRICATING THE CANNON (KARTECH FOR LOADING)
3. WOODEN STICK FOR IGNITION A WICK
4. BAROUTNITSA (POWDWR HORN)
5. WOODEN GUNPOWDER CONTAINER
6. CANNONBALL (SMALL)
7. WEIGHT, PEAR-SHAPED
8. WEIGHT, PEAR-SHAPED WITH RINGS
9. LEAD BALLS USED FOR LOADING
10. NAILS USED FOR LOADING
11. MEDIUM BASKET WITH TWO HANDLES CONTAINING LOADING MATERIALS

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