1914 – 1918 TIMELINE

THE MACEDONIAN FRONT - SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATION

1914
MOBILIZATION

About 200.000 soldiers were mobilized from all parts of Macedonia, who were on both sides of the front line. Serbia mobilized about 50 thousand, Bulgaria about 120 thousand and Greece about 20 thousand soldiers.

1915
THE POSITIONING

In the period between October 1915 and September 1918, the forces of the Entente (the French, Serbian, British, Russian, Italian and Greek armies) were stationed to the south of the front line, and to the north were the Central Powers (Bulgarian, German and Austro-Hungarian). There were around 1.200.000 soldiers stationed from both sides.

CIVILIAN POPULATION
Мајка со деца

It was estimated that 16.7% - 27.8% of the total population in then Serbia (with Vardar Macedonia) did not survive the war, which is the highest percentage of victims. In some villages in Mariovo, for example, according to some authors, the death rate was 50-80%, and the cities of Bitola and Dojran were particularly affected, which were almost completely destroyed.
The civilian population was particularly affected by the war, primarily by infectious diseases. Bad hygiene habits and the activeness of the armies contributed to the easier spread of infectious diseases. Malaria was already widespread in Macedonia, where malarious areas covered about 70% of the fertile land, where 92-94% of the total population lived.
Influenza (Spanish flu) – estimated 50-100 million victims.

FOREIGN MEDICAL MISSIONS

During the Balkan and First World Wars, the Balkans faced a shortage of medical personnel. Few in number, some of the medical personnel died fighting infectious diseases, and almost all of them were put in the service of the army. Due to the disaster Serbia was facing, various medical missions such as the Scottish Women's Hospital (SWH), the American Womans Hospital (AWH), the Red Cross, etc. arrived in the Balkans. Some of them remained in Macedonia and Serbia even after the end of the war.

1818
TRUCE

The First World War began in the Balkans, but it can be said that on September 14, 1918, on the Macedonian front at Dobro Pole, an unstoppable process of weakening the Central Powers began, which heralded the end of the Great War. A few days after this battle, on September 29, 1918 in Thessaloniki, an armistice was concluded between the headquarters of the Allied Eastern Command and the delegation of the Bulgarian government. On October 30, 1918, the armistice between the Ottoman Empire and the Entente powers was signed in Mudras, and the armistice with Austria-Hungary was signed on November 3, 1918. As a result of all the circumstances, Germany signed the armistice on November 11, 1918, in the French city of Compiègne. These events testify how vital and long-term contribution to the historical connotation the events of the Macedonian front have made.

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