In honor of Goce Delchev, the apostle of Macedonia

On May 4, 1903, Gjorgi Nikolov Delchev (b. February 4, 1872, Kukush) died in Banica – an ideologist, strategist and national hero, a representative of the Macedonian intelligentsia, avant-garde activist that marked the Macedonian revolutionary struggle at the end of the 19th and 20th centuries. century.

The postcard – Goce Delchev’s motif – printed in black and white technique, at the beginning of the 20th century with dimensions 14×9 cm (incl. no. 339) On the back of the card there is the name Carte Postale and the inscription I.K.B.130

DELCHEV, Georgi (Goce) (Kukush, February 4, 1872 – in the village of Banica, Ser County, May 4, 1903, today’s Republic of Greece) – ideologue, organizer and leader of the Macedonian revolutionary national liberation movement in the late 19th and early 20th century.

He was educated in Kukush, where he completed his high school education (1879–1887), in Salonica, in the Bulgarian high school “St. Cyril and Methodius” (1888–1891) where he led a secret student revolutionary circle, and in Sofia at the Military School (1891–1894). He returned to Macedonia (1894) and was a teacher in Novo Selo in Shtip. There he met Dame Gruev and became involved in the leadership of the Secret Macedonian Revolutionary Organization. He expanded the network of the Organization (spring of 1895) and organized several secret channels through Vinica. In Salonica, he participated in the consultation with the leading figures of the MRO: Dame Gruev, Pere Toshev and Ivan Hadzi Nikolov, for taking a position on the Macedonian Committee established in Sofia, later renamed the Supreme Macedonian Committee. In September he was appointed director of the school in Shtip. Before the end of December 1895 Delchev, authorized by the Central Committee of the MRO, traveled to Sofia to work on preventing interference by Bulgaria in the internal affairs of the Macedonian liberation movement. He organized MRO checkpoints in Kjustendil and Dupnica (in the beginning of 1896), and in February in Shtip, he organized a protest demonstration against the government. He participated in the Salonica Congress (5–12 April 4, 1896) at which a new ideology and strategy in action was adopted, including the Edirne region, and thus the change of the name from the MRO to the Secret Macedonian-Odrin Revolutionary Organization (TMORO). Together with Gjorche Petrov they drafted the Constitution and the Procedure manual of the Organization (1896), published and distributed in 1897, where the goal of the Organization’s activity was to gain political autonomy for Macedonia and the Edirne region with a revolution.

Goce CetaHe was arrested in Shtip (April 1896) in connection with the affair with the seizure of bombs in Bitola, and in May he was arrested again and taken to Skopje where he was imprisoned in Kurshumli-an. In September, Delchev was appointed head teacher (principal) in Bansko, from where he continued the activity of spreading the network of the Revolutionary Organization. He resigned from his teaching duties (November 1896) and devoted himself entirely to the Macedonian liberation work. Took the duty of Overseas Representative of the MRO in Sofia (from 16. 12.). In a letter to the Catholic Archbishop of Plovdiv, Menini (in July 1898), he presented to the Vatican the goal of the Macedonian struggle: to correct the unjust solution of the Berlin Agreement for Macedonia and to gain full political autonomy. He performed the duty of a foreign representative until 6.10.1901 and was a mobile member of the Central Committee. In that capacity he was dedicated to the operation of the secret channels, the courier service, the secret post office, the provision of material resources and the supply of the Organization with arms, ammunition, revolutionary literature and newspapers. Organized the production of bombs and explosives (1897) in the village Sabler (in the Osogovo Mountain), and then on Sveta Gora (between the Zografski Monastery and Hilandar). He carried out army supplies (in April 1898) and the first armed detachments of the Organization appeared in Macedonia. Together with Gjorche Petrov they drafted a Rulebook for the аrmed units (1900). With the formation of the village militia, the military organization of the MRO was added, which was directly managed by Delchev, with the status of chief auditor. The revolutionary organization took over the judiciary and the executive order. A secret Macedonian state operated in the Ottoman state. At the Salonica trial for the Novo Selo affair (beginning of 1901) Delchev was sentenced to death in absence. After receiving the notification about the arrest of the members of the Central Committee in Salonica, in mid-March with Gjorche Petrov they issued an instruction letter to the all military committees and their leaders to continue acting according to the existing program. In order to strengthen the ranks in the Organization, he undertook an inspection instruction tour in the Central and Western part of Macedonia (from August 1901 to March 1902). At the end of September, he strongly condemned the armed action in Gorna Dzumaja, declared an uprising. He also opposed the start of an early uprising in Macedonia. Delchev rejected the decision of the Salonica Congress (January 15-17, 1903) to start an uprising on January 25, 1903 and went with a detachment to the interior of Macedonia to seek the withdrawal of the decision. In April, he met with Dame Gruev in Salonica, who had just returned from captivity, accepted the decision and remained determined. From Salonica he headed for the Ser County at the scheduled congress of the Ser Revolutionary District (6. 5). Arrived in the village Banica, Ser, at May 3. All the way from Sofia to Salonica he was followed. The Ottoman army surrounded the village and in the morning battle Delchev was killed.

Since 1946 his eternal home is in The Church of the Ascension of Jesus in Skopje.

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